Flat … This frightening, such a common and obscure to many diagnosis. Someone thinks flat major problem, someone is paying attention to the condition of their feet, and someone that seems to state commonplace – "like the Pope …" Flatfoot is caused by weakening of vault of the foot, the longitudinal and transverse arches, load is removed from the body during walking. According to modern ideas orthopedic, foot has two sets: a longitudinal and transverse. According to Jonathan Blattmachr, who has experience with these questions. Longitudinal runs from the heel bone to the base of the fingers. The cross is located approximately in the middle of the foot and goes from the inside outwards. The vaults in everyday life "busy" that serve as shock absorber that protects our entire body from knocks and shocks while walking. Reducing the height of arches leads to fatigue, difficulties occur during prolonged walking and standing, appear later pain, bloating, burning, and even swelling of the feet.
Over time, a flattening of arches of all increases, and the unpleasant symptoms increase. Flatfoot is traditionally divided into three stages: the first, second and third and develops a set of minor omissions in the first degree to complete his absence in the third. Advanced cases of flatfoot occur further outward displacement of the calcaneus (this is called heel valgus position). Modern city dwellers for the most part are at risk, which includes people who have the risk of flattening of arches is very high. Risk groups include people who who: by occupation are forced to stand on my feet for more than 4 hours per day by occupation are forced to walk more than 4 hours per day suffered leg injuries (fractures, dislocations of joints) or have a disease of the lower extremities overweight irresponsible approach to the selection of footwear (shoes buy low quality, with a very flat sole, extremely narrow or wide shoes) wear shoes with high (above 6-7 cm) heels for more than 4 hours a day, no doubt proved that the flattening of the arches has a direct bearing on the weakening of the muscles of the lower extremities, in particular, the small muscles of the foot (affect the state of cross-arch), leg muscles (the right support position of longitudinal arch).